ALKALI SACATON
(Sporobolus airoides)
 
Alkali Sacaton is a vigorous, coarse, perennial native bunchgrass that occurs throughout the western and southwestern part of the United States. This warm-season grass is commonly found on moist, saline or alkaline soils especially in low lying or flooded areas and valleys. Normally, the stands of pure Alkali Sacaton have a distinctive tufted or bunchy appearance. Its major distribution is in the tall-grass prairie of the Central States and along the eastern edge of the Great Plains.
 
Alkali Sacaton can reach heights of 2- 4 feet tall under favorable soil and moisture conditions. Leaf blades are about 2-18 inches long and approximately 1/4 inch wide. The leaves may be hairy near the base, and the sheaths are usually hairy. The flowering stalks are stout, coarse, and solid; the stalks of most other grasses are hollow. The extensive root system penetrates deeply. The grass grows well on most soil types but is most abundant on moist, well-drained soils.
 
The abundant, leafy forage is palatable to all classes of livestock, when it is green and vegetative. However as it matures palatability is drastically reduced. As standing forage for winter grazing Alkali Sacaton provides very poor quality forage.
 
Seedlings should be made on a well-prepared, firm seedbed free from weeds. Seeding rates of 1 - 2 pure live seed pounds per acre have given excellent results. Full protection during the period of establishment is necessary; weeds should be mowed to lessen the competition for water, sun and nutrients.

 

General Characteristics

Growth Type

Bunch

Life Span 

Perennial

Growing Season

Warm Season

Native/Introduced

Native

Plant Height

2-4 Feet

Cold Tolerance

Fair

Drought Tolerance

Good

Salt Tolerance

Excellent

Soil Type

Loam-Clay

Minimum Rainfall

10 inches

Planting Rate

1-2 pls#

Planting Date

February-June

Seed Type

Hard

Uses

Grazing
Wildlife Habitat
Erosion Control
Reclamation

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Planting rates above are for pure stands, if utilized in a blend decrease the seeding rate according to the percentage of the component in the blend.


 
 

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Warner Brothers Seed Company
P.O. Box 101
Lawton Ok. 73502
 
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