PURPLE PRAIRIE CLOVER
(Petalosstenium purpureum)
 
Purple Prairie Clover is a warm-season perennial native legume which reproduces from underground stems and seed. Plants are erect with several spreading branches. The plant varies in height from 1-2 feet tall and is easily identified by its purple cone shape seed head.
 
Purple Prairie Clover is adapted to the Great Plains and Prairies of the United States, especially the tall grass praires. It performs best in areas receiving 20 inches or more annual rainfall and, is adapted to a wide variety of soils, but does best on sandloam soils and soils of low fertility.
 
Purple prairie clover provides good cover and food source for wildlife, especially game birds. It is readily consumed by livestock when young and actively growing. This native legume is considered a decreaser in areas where overgrazing or overstocking of livestock occur.
 
The species is best utilized when blended in seed mixtures with native grasses, forbs, and/or other legumes. It is utilized primarily for land restoration and erosion control, wildlife plantings and beautification.
 
Purple Prairie Clover is best used as a component in range and pasture seedings, providing a legume for nitrogen assimilation. Seedings should be made on a well-prepared, firm weed free seedbed. Seeding rates of 1/4 - 1/2 pure live seed pounds per acre when blended with native forbs and grasses is adequate.

 

General Characteristics

Plant Type

Legume

Life Span 

Perennial

Growing Season

Warm Season

Native/Introduced

Native

Plant Height

1-2 Feet

Cold Tolerence

Good

Drought Tolerance

Good

Salt Tolerance

Poor

Soil Type

Widely Adapted

Minimum Rainfall

12 inches

Planting Rate

4-8 ps#

Planting Date

February- June

Seed Type

Smooth (Velvet type)

Uses

Wildlife Habitat
Erosion Control
Reclamation

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Planting rates above are for pure stands, if utilized in a blend decrease the seeding rate according to the percentage of the component in the blend.

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P.O. Box 101
Lawton Ok. 73502
Nationwide Service
 

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